I heard Sandy Maine of SunFeather Natural Soap Company several years ago at a soap making conference and did a review of her book The Soap Book. I was very amused and interested to find that the "basic" recipe that she used for all the varieties of soap in her book is just three oils:
- 48% Crisco
- 25% olive oil
- 25% coconut oil
That's right...no palm oil, no castor oil...just those three oils. So I tried it...and you know what? It's really very good soap...!
It doesn't have quite the heavy, creamy lather that adding castor oil gives...it's a lighter lather...but quite plentiful - perfectly respectable soap. It's a great recipe to get started with soap making because these oils should be readily available and make a good option for a grocery store soap. The Crisco, and the absence of castor oil, also make this a great recipe to learn how to swirl with - because it will be slow to come to trace.
Now - the formula for Crisco has changed in the past couple of years. It now incorporates a fair amount of hydrogenated palm oil - which is good for making soap! If you're using Crisco, be sure to know what kind you are using...and adjust your lye calculator accordingly. Most lye calculators these days have a setting for "old Crisco" and "new Crisco." If your label lists "hydrogenated palm oil" as one of the ingredients, use the "new Crisco" setting.
The recipe below is formulated using "new Crisco."
While Sandy makes huge batches of soap, this recipe will just make a 2-lb. batch, so it's a good size recipe to get started making soap with. If you want to substitute oils or scale it up, just be sure to run the recipe through a lye calculator before you start.
Assemble all of your equipment and ingredients. Premeasure your fragrance or essential oil.
Mix your lye solution and set it aside to cool.
Measure and heat your solid oils until completely melted.
Measure and add the liquid oils to the melted solid oils. (This helps cool the melted oils down a bit more quickly.)
When both the lye and the oils are at about 100-110 F, slowly pour the lye solution into the oils. Stir with a stick blender, alternating short blasts with the blender and stirring.
Mix the soap until it reaches a light trace.
Add the fragrance oil and/or any colorants you are adding.
Mix it into the soap thoroughly - just using a whisk - don't stick blend after you've added the fragrance oil.
Pour the raw soap into your mold and let it sit for 24-36 hours until it has cooled off completely and is hard enough to cut. Because this recipe doesn't have any palm oil (if you're using "old Crisco" or stearic acid plentiful oils like tallow, it may take an extra 12 hours or so to harden up. Just be patient...it will get hard enough to cut.